Recount is a text which retells events or experiences in the past. Its purpose is either to inform or to entertain the audience. There is no complication among the participants and that differentiates from Narrative

To retell something that happened in the past and to tell a series of past event

Types of Recount

  • Personal recount ( retelling of an activity that the speaker/writer has been personally involved) e.g. oral anecdote, diary entry, biography
  • Factual recount (recording the particulars of an incident e.g. police report, news report)
  • Imaginative recount (taking on an imaginary role and giving details of events) e.g. a day in the life of

Generic Structure of Recount
1. Orientation: Introducing the participants, place and time
2. Events: Describing series of event that happened in the past
3. Reorientation: It is optional. Stating personal comment of the writer to the story

Language Features of Recount
• Introducing personal participant; I, my group, etc
• Using chronological connection; then, first, etc
• Using linking verb; was, were, saw, heard, etc
• Using action verb; look, go, change, etc
• Using simple past tense


Narrative and recount in some ways are similar. Both are telling something in the past so narrative and recount usually apply PAST TENSE; whether Simple Past Tense, Simple Past Continuous Tense, or Past Perfect Tense. The ways narrative and recount told are in chronological order using time or place. Commonly narrative text is found in story book; myth, fable, folklore, etc while recount text is found in biography.
The thing that makes narrative and recount different is the structure in which they are constructed. Narrative uses conflicts among the participants whether natural conflict, social conflict or psychological conflict. In some ways narrative text combines all these conflicts. In the contrary, we do not find these conflicts inside recount text. Recount applies series of event as the basic structure

The example of Recount Text:

The First Day in My School

Two days ago, exactly on Monday, I went to SMAN 03 Kotabumi for the first time. I went there by motorcycle. Because I did not know where that school was, I was so afraid if I would go ashtray and be late.

After having arrived at SMAN 03 Kotabumi, I did not find any friend of mine. I thought whether I was in the right place or not. A few minutes later, one of my friends came and he was followed by all my friends who had teaching training there.

Before I joined the flag ceremony, I had gone to library. I could see many new things there such as a great magazine “PIONEER”, newspaper, wise words, etc. Then, a teacher asked me to go out and join the flag ceremony. Joining it, I got a new thing, a teacher greeted students using English in ceremony.

Then, a teacher explained to me about SMAN 03 Kotabumi and showed me all facilities there. I thought this school was different from other school which I had found before.

I decided to do the best in my teaching training in this school.


Last Friday our school went to Centennial Park for a picnic

First our teachers marked the rolls and the we got on the buses. On the buses, everyone was chatting and eating. When we arrived at the park, some students played cricket, some played cards but others went for a walk with the teachers. At lunchtime, we sat together and had our picnic. Finally, at two o’clock we left for school.

We had a great day.


I went to the swimming pool on Saturday with my grandma and grandad. Grandma bought me a new swimming costume as a treat and I wanted to wear it.
First of all I went in the changing rooms with grandma and got changed. You have to put your clothes in a little locker and then you put 10p in so you can lock it. I had to put the key on a band round my ankle.
Next we went into the water. Grandad sat on the side to watch us but grandma and I went down the steps into the water. It was very cold and grandma made me jump up and down to get warm. If I wear my arm bands I can nearly swim a width. Grandma can’t swim at all.
Then I got dressed and grandma and grandad bought me a coke and a bag of chips. It was nice because you could sit and eat and watch the swimmers at the same time.
I learned the way to do the arm and leg movements for breast stroke. I’m going to lay on my bed and practise this every day. Next time I go to the pool I might be able to swim.



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