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EXPRESSING INTENTION

Social function   : to state plans or something intended to do in the future.

  • I would like to ……
  • I will ……
  • I want to ……
  • I am going to ……
  • I would rather ……

Examples of Expressing Intention:

  • I would like to tell about my family
  • I will visit museum today
  • I want to make a pancake
  • I am going to introduce my friend
  • I would rather stay at home than go fishing

To express willingness: use will
(+) Subject + will + V1 + Object/Complement
(-)  Subject + will not + V1 + Object/Complement
(?) Will + subject + V1 + Object/complement

(+) She will visit her cousins on the next holiday.
(-) She will not visit her cousins on the next holiday.
(?) Will she visit her cousins on the next holiday?

To express a prior plan: Use only be going to
(+) Subject + Be going to + V1 + O/C
(-) Subject + Be not going to + V1 + O/C
(?) Be + Subject + going to + V1 + O/C

(+) She is going to visit her cousins on the next holiday.
(-) She is not going to visit her cousins on the next holiday?
(?) Is she going to visit her cousins on the next holiday?

Conversation between Sarah and Ali:
Sarah    : Hello Ali, what are you going to do this weekend?
Ali         : Hello, I am going to visit my grandmother in Jakarta. How about you?
Sarah    : Well, I still do not have any plan for the weekend.
Ali         : Why don’t you go to museum?
Sarah    : That is a good idea. But, I have to do my assignment first. Have you done your assignment?
Ali         : No, I have not, I’d like to do them this evening.
Sarah    : Well, can we do together?
Ali         : Yes, of course.
Sarah    : Okay, great. I will go to your house at 4 P.M then.
Ali         : I will be waiting for.

 

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