Social function : to state plans or something intended to do in the future.
- I would like to ……
- I will ……
- I want to ……
- I am going to ……
- I would rather ……
Examples of Expressing Intention:
- I would like to tell about my family
- I will visit museum today
- I want to make a pancake
- I am going to introduce my friend
- I would rather stay at home than go fishing
To express willingness: use will
(+) Subject + will + V1 + Object/Complement
(-) Subject + will not + V1 + Object/Complement
(?) Will + subject + V1 + Object/complement
(+) She will visit her cousins on the next holiday.
(-) She will not visit her cousins on the next holiday.
(?) Will she visit her cousins on the next holiday?
To express a prior plan: Use only be going to
(+) Subject + Be going to + V1 + O/C
(-) Subject + Be not going to + V1 + O/C
(?) Be + Subject + going to + V1 + O/C
(+) She is going to visit her cousins on the next holiday.
(-) She is not going to visit her cousins on the next holiday?
(?) Is she going to visit her cousins on the next holiday?
Conversation between Sarah and Ali:
Sarah : Hello Ali, what are you going to do this weekend?
Ali : Hello, I am going to visit my grandmother in Jakarta. How about you?
Sarah : Well, I still do not have any plan for the weekend.
Ali : Why don’t you go to museum?
Sarah : That is a good idea. But, I have to do my assignment first. Have you done your assignment?
Ali : No, I have not, I’d like to do them this evening.
Sarah : Well, can we do together?
Ali : Yes, of course.
Sarah : Okay, great. I will go to your house at 4 P.M then.
Ali : I will be waiting for.