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Auxiliary Verb : Do, Be, dan Have

15 Oct

Auxiliary Verb Be, Do, Have

Be, do, dan have merupakan primary auxiliary verb. Sebagai auxiliary, kata-kata kerja ini tidak mempunyai arti sendiri. Penjelasan lebih lengkap mengenai kata-kata kerja ini dapat dilihat di Pengertian dan Contoh Auxiliary Verb.

 Tabel Fungsi dan Contoh Be, Do, & Have

Fungsi dan contoh primary auxiliary verb be, do, dan have dalam kalimat dapat dilihat pada tabel sebagai berikut.

Auxiliary Verb Fungsi Contoh
Be
(am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been)
membentuk present/past continuous/progressive tense. Kemudian dapat pula ditambahkan modal will untuk membentuk future continuous. The maid is brushing the bathroom floor. (Present Continuous)
They were roasting corns at this time last night. (Past Continuous)
The party will be starting at this time tomorrow. (Future Continuous)
bersama auxiliary have membentuk present/past perfect continuous/progressive tense. Dapat pula ditambahkan modal will untuk membentuk future perfect continuous. The manager has been checking the documents. (Present Perfect Cont.)
The cat will have been sleeping long. (Future Perfect Cont.)
membentuk passive voice Your cake is being eaten by him. (Passive Present Cont.)
The room was cleaned by my assistant last night. (Passive Past Tense)
Do
(do, does, did)
memberikan penekanan pada kalimat indicative (normal) maupun
imperative, dan adverb of frequency
I do finish my homework.
Do open the door.
Tina seldom does wash her shoes by herself.
untuk mengajukan pertanyaan (question tag[1], Yes-No[2], dan Wh-question[3]). Dapat pula digunakan untuk mengajukan clarifying question[4] (pertanyaan klarifikasi) berhubungan negative statement (pernyataan negatif) sebelumnya. You do love me, don’t you?[1]
Did you see him yesterday?[2]
What does she want from you?[3]
“Diana didn’t have much money.”
“Then who did borrow me?”[4]
bersama not untuk membentuk kalimat negatif I do not like coffee.
She didn’t come last night.
membuat short answer (jawaban pendek) Yes, I do.
Yes, she does.
dipadukan dengan conjunction so dan neither untuk mengekspresikan similarity (persamaan) dan differences (perbedaan). My brother loves sport and so do I.
I don’t want to spend my money unwisely; neither does my friend.
Have
(have, has, had)
membentuk perfect tense Dira has studied in French since April. (Present Perfect)
I had already had breakfast by the time he picked me up. (Past Perfect)
dikombinasikan dengan modal untuk mengekspresikan possibility (kemungkinan) dimasa lalu. He might have realized his mistakes.
My father may have read this book.

References:

  • Helping and Modal Auxiliary Verbs. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/auxiliary.htm. Accessed on October 10, 2012.
  • Helping Verbs. http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verbs-what_classification-helping.htm. Accessed on October 10, 2012.
  • The Auxiliary Verb. http://www.chompchomp.com/terms/auxiliaryverb.htm. Accessed on October 10, 2012.
  • Helping Verb. http://grammar.about.com/od/fh/g/helpverbterm.htm. Accessed on October 10, 2012.
  • Notes on “Do”. http://grammar.about.com/od/irregularverbs/a/Notes-On-Do.htm. Accessed on October 10, 2012.
 
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Posted by on October 15, 2012 in Uncategorized

 

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