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Auxiliary Verbs

06 Oct

Pengertian Auxiliary Verbs

Auxiliary verb adalah kata kerja yang muncul sebelum main/lexical verb (kata kerja utama) di dalam suatu kalimat untuk memodifikasi makna dari kata kerja utama tersebut. Tidak seperti kata kerja utama, helping atau auxiliary verbs tidak mempunyai arti sendiri. Kata kerja pembantu ini terdiri dari primary (be, do, have) dan modal (can, could, may, might, will, would, shall, should, must, ought to).

 

Kombinasi Auxiliary Verbs

Sebuah kata kerja utama dapat dilengkapi sampai tiga auxiliary verb di dalam suatu kalimat dimana terdiri dari modal dan satu atau dua primary. Contoh kombinasi pada kata kerja ini dapat dilihat pada tabel sebagai berikut.

Contoh Kombinasi:

  • The children should have slept. (modal: should, primary: have; Present Perfect Tense)
  • The book has been read. (primary: has, been; Passive-Present Perfect Tense)
  • I have been driving for an hour. (primary: have, been; Present Perfect Continuous Tense)
  • I will have been sleeping. (modal: will, primary: have, been; Future Perfect Continuous Tense)

 

Primary Auxiliary Verbs

Primary Auxiliary Verbs terdiri dari be, do, dan have. Ketiga kata kerja ini dapat pula berfungsi sebagai kata kerja utama. Adapun penjelasan singkat be, do, dan have dapat dilihat pada tabel sebagai berikut.

Auxiliary Verb Penjelasan Contoh
Be Terdiri dari: am, is, are,
was, were, be, being, been
The children are sitting on the floor.
He is working.
Do terdiri dari: do, does, did I do submit the task.
Did you come last night?
Have terdiri dari: have, has, had Joni has read the biography.
I had already slept by the time you sent me the SMS.

References:

  • grammar.ccc.commnet.edu: Helping and Modal Auxiliary Verbs
  • englishclub.com: Helping V.
  • chompchomp.com:The Auxiliary Verb
  • grammar.about.com: Helping V. ; Notes on “Do”
 
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Posted by on October 6, 2012 in Grammar

 

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